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Drought of 2000

East and southeast Europe

Drought Event Summary

From spring to summer in 2000 drought conditions persisted particularly in the eastern and southeastern European countries, which severely affected agriculture, and in particularly early crops (Sepulcre-Canto et al., 2012).

Drought Statistics

Approx. duration: 4/2000-2/2001

Date of SPI-6 min: 23/1/2001

Date of hydrological min: 26/6/2000

Affected regions: East and southeastern Europe

Climatological Drought

Precipitation deficits during the drought of 2000 occurred almost exclusively in southeastern Europe. Drought peaks shift to portions of Romania, Greece, Turkey and the Balkan countries. Additionally, a winter drought occurred along the western coast of Scandinavia, though this did not produce a significant hydrological drought.

Progression of climatological (SPI-6) drought. Climatological drought is defined by the SPI-6, which sums precipitation over the previous 6 months and transforms this value to the standard normal distribution. Negative SPI values (shown in red) represent dry conditions, measured in standard deviations from typical conditions. Percent area in drought is calculated by summing all cells less than the 20th percentile (SPI < -0.84).


Hydrological Drought

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Peak hydrological drought. with Hydrological drought is based on output nine large-scale hydrological models. Viewed spatially (above), areas with runoff below the 10th and 20th percentiles are shown in red and orange, respectively.


Drought Impacts

From spring to summer in 2000 drought conditions persisted particularly in the eastern and southeastern European countries, which severely affected agriculture, and in particularly early crops (Sepulcre-Canto et al., 2012). The year 2000 was also identified among the major drought years of the period 1969-2009 in the South Eastern European regions by Herceg (2012) using an adapted Palfai-Index (Hungarian agricultural drought index). Romania was most affected according to Glinni et al. (2001 in Sepulcre-Canto et al., 2012).

Drought disasters were registered by EM-DAT in Romania, Moldova and in Bosnia-Hercegovnia. Other regions affected include Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Eastern Germany, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Turkey, Slovenia and the Western Balkans (Demuth, 2009, AUA, 2011). A large area was affected by forest fires in Bulgaria. Natural disaster was declared in many regions of Croatia reporting problems to fresh water fishery, hydropower production and tourism as well as dried up streams and wells (AUA, 2011). However more detailed information particularly on non-agricultural drought impacts is needed.

Location of drought impact reports. Darker colors refer to more reported impacts in the EDII. Scroll over each country to see more detail.

Impact Detail Table

Drought Event Country Start Date End Date Impact Impact Category Impact Description NUTS 1 NUTS 2 NUTS 3 Reference
2000/2001 East/Southeast Europe Romania 5/2000 8/2000 1.2 Reduced productivity of annual crop cultivation, losses > 30% (EU compensation treshold) Reduced output of cereals, oilseeds, vegetables, fruit, pasture and fodder crop ; the drought affected over 90% of agricultural land Romania;