European Drought Reference (EDR) Database

Summary of Major European Droughts

The EDR database was compiled as part of the EU funded DROUGHT R&SPI Project. The database is designed to provide a single, publically available site to disseminate detailed information about historical drought events in Europe. For additional information on this project and data collection, see the Project Overview. Major European droughts identified by the EU funded DROUGHT-R&SPI Project are listed below. Links provide detailed meteorologic and hydrologic drought indices, as well as information regarding economic, social, and environmental impacts.

Climatological (SPI-6)
Hydrological
Year
Location
Approx. Duration Peak Date Area (%) Area (106 km2) Peak Date Area (%) Area (106 km2)
1959 Northern Europe 5/1959-2/1960 17/10/1959 52.6 3,900
1972 Northern/Eastern Europe 12/1971-7/1972 25/3/1972 57.6 4,268 20/3/1972 54.6 4,045
1973 Central Europe 1/1973-7/1973 20/2/1973 41.7 3,090 18/11/1973 50.2 3,724
1975-1976 Europe 11/1975-2/1977 27/7/1976 61.0 4,521 1/7/1976 71.2 5,277
1989-1990 Mediterranean 2/1989-10/1990 23/2/1989 43.8 3,248 11/5/1990 66.8 4,951
1991-1995 Mediterranean 2/1992-10/1994 11/6/1993 45.5 3,373 5/5/1993 57.9 4,291
1996-1997 Northern Europe 4/1995-7/1996 31/3/1996 49.6 3,674 4/3/1996 66.9 4,961
2000 East/Southeast Europe 1/2001-3/2001 23/1/2001 30.5 2,261 26/6/2000 54.0 4,004
2003 Europe 4/2003-11/2003 12/8/2003 54.8 4,063
2004-2007 Iberian Peninsula 7/2004-6/2007 25/2/2006 38.0 2,817
2007 Eastern Europe 2/2007-8/2007 30/4/2007 21.3 1,579




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